Más de 200 actores en escena le dieron vida al antiguo ritual inca denominado ‘Willqa Nina’ el mismo que fue escenificado en el Templo del Qorikancha a fin de dar inicio de manera oficial con las Fiestas del Cusco.
Guiados por el Inca, interpretado por el actor cusqueño Nivardo Carrillo, los músicos, sacerdotes y guerreros incas danzaron en un rito al fuego, mediante el cual pidieron a los dioses y apus (guardianes) tutelares de Cusco, su venia, para dar inicio a las festividades en honror a la Ciudad Imperial.
List of the natural places in Peru
- Machu Picchu: This represent all the jungle of Peru, because a thousand and thousand of tourist visit Machu Picchu, by Inca Trail, and the alternative treks to it, like Salkantay trek, Inca Jungle Trek, Lares Trek and others. There are many travel agencies and tour operators that offers this tours, like: www.salkantaytrek.org, www.incatrailtrips.com, this last one give all kind of information about inca trail and peru main destinations.
Nevado Huascarán is a mountain in the Peruvian province of Yungay (Ancash Departament), situated in the Cordillera Blanca range of the western Andes. The highest southern summit of Huascarán (Huascarán Sur) is the highest point in Peru, northern part of Andes (north of Lake Titicaca) and in all of the Earth’s Tropics. Huascarán is the fourth highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere after Aconcagua, Ojos del Salado, and Monte Pissis. The mountain was named after Huáscar, a 16th-century Inca emperor who was the Sapa Inca of the Inca empire.
The Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 square kilometres (2,700,000 sq mi), of which 5,500,000 square kilometres (2,100,000 sq mi) are covered by the rainforest. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations. The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. States or departments in four nations contain “Amazonas” in their names. The Amazon represents over half of the planet’s remaining rainforests, and comprises the largest and most biodiverse tract of tropical rainforest in the world, with an estimated 390 billion individual trees divided into 16,000 species.
Manú National Park (Parque Nacional del Manu) is a biosphere reserve located in Madre de Dios and Paucartambo, Cusco. Before becoming an area protected by the Peruvian government, the Manú National Park was conserved thanks to its inaccessibility. The park remains fairly inaccessible by road to this day. In 1977, UNESCO recognised it as a Biosphere Reserve and in 1987, it was pronounced a World Heritage Site. It is the largest National Park in Peru, covering an area of 15,328 km. The Biosphere Reserve includes an additional 2,570 km, and a further 914 km are included in a “Cultural Zone” (which also is afforded a level of protection), bringing the total area up to 18,811 km.
The park protects several ecological zones ranging from as low as 150 meters above sea level in parts of the Southwest Amazon moist forests to Peruvian Yungas at middle elevations to Central Andean wet puna at altitudes of 4200 meters. Because of this topographical range, it has one of highest levels of biodiversity of any park in the world. Overall, more than 15,000 species of plants are found in Manú, and up to 250 varieties of trees have been found in a single hectare. The reserve is a destination for birdwatchers from all over the world, as it is home to over 1000 species of birds, more than the number of bird species found in the United States and Canada combined and almost 10% of the world’s total bird species. It is also acclaimed as having one of the highest abundances of land vertebrates ever found in Latin American tropical forests.
5. Lago Titicaca
Titicaca is a large, deep lake in the Andes on the border of Peru and Bolivia. By volume of water, it is the largest lake in South America. Lake Maracaibo has a larger surface area, though some consider it to be a large brackish bay due to its direct connection with the sea.
It is often called the highest navigable lake in the world, with a surface elevation of 3,812 metres (12,507 ft). Although this refers to navigation by large boats, it is generally considered to mean commercial craft. For many years the largest vessel afloat on the lake was the 2,200-ton, 79-metre (259 ft) SS Ollanta. Today the largest vessel is probably the similarly sized, but broader, train barge/float Manco Capac, operated by PeruRail (berthed, as of 17 June 2013, at 15°50′11″S 70°00′53″W, across the pier from the Ollanta). At least two dozen bodies of water around the world are at higher elevations, but all are much smaller and shallower.
6. Colca Canyon
Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru, located about 100 miles (160 kilometers) northwest of Arequipa. It is Peru’s third most-visited tourist destination with about 120,000 visitors annually. With a depth of 10,725 ft (3,270 m), it is one of the deepest in the world, second in Peru after the Cotahuasi Canyon and more than twice as deep as the Grand Canyon in the United States. The Colca Valley is a colorful Andean valley with pre-Inca roots, and towns founded in Spanish colonial times, still inhabited by people of the Collagua and the Cabana cultures. The local people maintain their ancestral traditions and continue to cultivate the pre-Inca stepped terraces.
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It starts from Abra Malaga, take the bike and down hill to Santa Maria, in the afternoon rafting in the Urubamba river, level III IV, second day: trekking to Santa Teresa and hot sprint in the evening, third day: Zip Line in Hidrolectrica and follows a route to Machu Picchu,
Inca Jungle Trek is an alternative and adrenaline hike to Machu Picchu. The trek starts with transport from Cusco to Abra Malaga, 4,550m above mean sea level (about 4 hours) where mountain biking is done downhill to Santa Maria at 2,300m (approximately 3-4 hours). In the afternoon, there is always an option to white river raft on the Urubamba River (level difficulty: III, IV or V depending on a year season).
On the second day, trekkers hike to Santa Teresa (about 7 hours) appreciating coca, coffee, banana and other exotic fruit plantations as well as bird watching. In the evening, all participants usually enjoy relaxing pools of the nearby hot springs of Cocalmayo.
On the third day, trekkers can experience an adrenaline Zip-Line activity before they continue trekking to Aguas Calientes (a town just below Machu Picchu) following a path and later a trail. The last day is dedicted to a visit of Machu Picchu so that everybody wake up very early and climb for about 2 hours to reach this steep Incan citadel. Then, a guided tour is given (about 2 and half an hour) to later be able to continue climbing to either Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu Mountain on everybody’s own. The Inka Jungle Trek finishes with an afternoon/evening train and tourist bus back to Cusco.
Beware: your return train ticket from Machu Picchu will have a large impact on how much time you can spend there and whether or not you have time to climb Huayna Picchu at all. The time of your train is probably a very low priority item. You are probably assuming that someone else made sure you have enough time to spend at Machu Picchu. But the reality is that trains get booked and your trail operator may buy you a train ticket out of Aguas Calientes at 13:00. To make it to this train, you will have to be at the train station at 12:30, which means you have to leave Machu Picchu by no later than noon, which means that you will be there only briefly, and have to leave it when it is the most crowded. Machu Picchu is the best in the first half hour after opening and during the last two hours before closing. Most people are gone after 15:00, and the light until 17:00 is gorgeous, the heat a little gentler, and you can sit on a patch of grass and take in the place. You do not want to miss this. It will make Machu Picchu yours. At 10:00, Machu Picchu is hot, crowded, loud, and bustling. You will be running around to not lose track of your tour group. At 16:00 you can really see it at your own pace, and hang out with the resident chinchillas and llamas. But to do that, you have to take a later train.
When is the best time to go?
Cusco has a temperate climate with year round temperatures fluctuating between 14-35°C, with warm days and nights. The rainy season in Cuzco is from December to March . Machu Picchu has a semi-tropical climate, with warm and humid days and cold nights. The rainy season in Machu Picchu is from November to March, so be prepared to get soaked and slippery trail conditions.
The wet months are January to April, when roads are often closed by landslides or flooding.
The best months for visiting Machu Picchu are from April to October.
The High season is June to August (book well in advance).
Tips for your trip to Inca Jungle
- Before you leave this trip, you will need to do every day 1 hour of exercise
- There are few companies operator and that offers this adrenaline trip: Tierras Vivas is tour operator
- Recommend you booking in advance, because if you would like to climb to Huayna Picchu, only there 400 spaces available. First time 200 – 7 am – 8am and the second and recommended 10 am – 11 am. this time the sky and Machu Picchu is clear.
What you need bring?
- Passport original
- First aid kit
- warm top/bottom for the evenings
- hiking boots and sandals
- Wash kit, 2L water bottle and water purifying tablets.
- hat, preferably something covering your neck
- cash to guides and buy snacks along the way
- Long pants or slacks
- Long-sleeved shirts.
- Rain wear (you never know when will rain even if its the dry season).
- Insect Repellent and sun block (sun is always stronger in such altitude).
- Personal toilet items.
- A towel and toilet paper.
The tap water in Peru is potable but it is not recommended to drink directly from the tap, so do not drink it. You must either boil water for five full minutes or drink bottled water. However you can brush your teeth with tap water without causing any problem to your stomach.
Because you are visiting Andean areas, don’t forget to take precautions to avoid altitude sickness if you are prone to it. Be sure to try a hot tea or an infusion of coca leaves on arrival at altitude. During your first day move slowly and eat lightly, resting the first couple of hours. Sample altitudes above sea level:
- Cuzco: 3,360 m (11,000 ft)
- Machu Picchu: 2,400 m (7,800 ft)
- Urubamba Valley: 2,850m (9,300 ft)
Machu Picchu It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Mostarchaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas” (a title more accurately applied to Vilcabamba), it is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.
The Incas built the estate around 1450, but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was not known to the Spanish during the colonial period and remained unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham. Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of what the structures originally looked like. By 1976, 30% of Machu Picchu had been restored; restoration continues today
Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.
Terraced fields in the upper agricultural sector in Machu Picchu
Temple of the Sun or Torreon in Machu Picchu
Inti Watana is believed to have been designed as an astronomic clock or calendar by the Incas
View of the residential section of Machu Picchu
The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu (also known as Camino Inca or Camino Inka) consists of three overlapping trails: Mollepata, Classic, and One Day. Mollepata is the longest of the three routes with the highest mountain pass and intersects with the classic inka trail route before crossing Warmiwañusqa (“dead woman”). Located in the Andes mountain range, the trail passes through several types of Andean environments including cloud forest and alpine tundra. Settlements, tunnels, and many Incan ruins are located along the trail before ending the terminus at the Sun Gate on Machu Picchu mountain. The two longer routes require an ascent to beyond 4,200 metres (13,800 ft) above sea level, which can result in altitude sickness.